Where Ranked Choice Voting is Used

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Using Ranked Choice Voting:

Upcoming Implementations of RCV:

Presidential Nominations (major party primaries and caucuses*)

* Parties conducted an RCV tally until all candidates exceeded 15% of the vote statewide and in each congressional district, after which delegates were allocated proportionally. Party decisions about 2024 will be made closer to that date.

RCV Party/Conventions:

  • Delaware Democratic Party: The Delaware Democratic Party used RCV to choose Delegates to the DNC, but only in cases where there was a tie because they couldn’t do an in-person second ballot. Votes had to be tallied by 5 p.m. on Wednesday, May 20, 2020. *Source
  • Democrats Abroad Convention: The Democrats Abroad Convention used RCV to choose delegates to the DNC on May 16, 2020 *Source
  • Indiana Republican Party: The Indiana Republican Party used RCV to choose Attorney General nominees at their virtual convention on June 18th, 2020. *Source and *Source
  • Kansas Democratic Party: The Kansas Democratic Party used RCV to choose their delegates to the Democratic National Convention. All Ballots had to be received on Saturday, May 2, 2020 *Source
  • Minnesota Democratic Party: The Minnesota Democratic Party used RCV for endorsements for various offices during the the State Convention Balloting Period from May 26 through May 31, 2020 *Source
  • Nebraska Democratic Party: The Nebraska Democratic Party used RCV used RCV to choose State Party Officers, County Party Officers in counties with more than 50,000 people. County party convention dates varied; the deadline to submit ballots for the state convention was June 9, 2020 *Source
  • New Mexico Democratic Party: The New Mexico Democratic Party used RCV to choose District-Level delegates to the DNC on June 13, 2020 *Source
  • Oklahoma Democratic Party: The Oklahoma Democratic Party used RCV to choose Pledged Party Leader and Elected Official (PLEO) Delegates; district-level delegates; At-Large Delegates and Alternates on June 6, 2020 *Source
  • Utah Republican Party: RCV was used by the Utah Republican Party to determine which candidates advanced directly to the general election and which had to participate in the June 30 primary. Candidates who received at least 60 percent support in the final round advanced straight to the general election, and those with less support faced a primary. Candidates for Congress, Governor, Attorney General, state school board, and state legislature were subject to these rules. This occurred on April 25, 2020 *Source
  • Utah Democratic Party: RCV was used by the Utah Democratic Party to determine which candidates advanced directly to the general election and which had to participate in the June 30 primary. Candidates who received at least 60% support in the final round advanced straight to the general election, and those with less support faced a primary. Races for National Committeeman, U.S. House, Governor and Lieutenant Governor, and Utah Democratic Party Secretary used RCV. This occurred on May 2, 2020. *Source

  • Virginia Republican Party: The Virginia Republican Party will use RCV to choose its nominees for governor, lieutenant governor and attorney general on May 8, 2021. *Source

Advisory / Option for Future Elections:

For Overseas Voters in Runoffs

RCV on Campus

As of March 2021, ore than 85 colleges and universities in the United States use ranked choice voting to elect some or all student government positions - often in its proportional form as well as its single winner form. That means that over a million students across the country every year are empowered with more choice and fairer representation in electing student leaders.

Full list of colleges and universities using RCV for student government elections

Private Organizations and Corporations

Recommended by Robert’s Rules of Order for organizational elections conducted by mail, ranked choice voting is used widely among private associations organizations. Probably its highest profile use by a private organization is in awarding of the Oscars by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which uses the proportional, multi-winner form of RCV to nominate all major awards categories and the single winner form of RCV for selecting Best Picture. RCV in its proportional form is commonly used by British organizations as well and as of 2021

Too many organizations use RCV for a comprehensive list. Here is a partial list of private organizations and corporations using RCV.

Public Elections Internationally

Ranked choice voting is used by every voter in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, Malta, Northern Ireland, and Scotland, often with the multi-winner, proportional form of it (“single transferable vote”). RCV also is used in party-run elections and local elections throughout the English-speaking world, including national leaders of the major conservative parties in Canada and New Zealand and major liberal parties in Canada and United Kingdom.

Examples of uses of RCV include: Australia (federal House of Representatives and nearly all state and local government elections and a multi-winner form of it for senate elections); Ireland (for president and multi-winner form for parliament and many local elections; Malta (multi-winner form for parliament; New Zealand (for mayor and city council in major cities such as Wellington, along with health board elections); Northern Ireland (multi-winner form for regional parliament and most local elections); Scotland (multi=winner form for all local government elections.  In India, Nepal and Pakistan elected officials use the multi-winner from of RCV to select their national senates and in the case of India its president. Forms of RCV are also used to elect the mayor of London and president of Sri Lanka.

International election systems

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