Ranked Choice Voting State Legislation

The following list and map summarize legislation in 24 states designed to advance RCV, with prime sponsors including a mix of Republicans, Democrats, and independents. With most chambers having completed their 2022 sessions, pro-RCV bills became law in five states this year: Hawaii to establish RCV for most congressional vacancies; Maine to allow all municipalities to use RCV; New York to include proportional RCV as a potential remedy in its state Voting Rights Act; Vermont to allow its largest city of Burlington to implement RCV in city council elections; and Utah to enhance its pilot program for RCV in cities. In addition, Rhode Island's senate voted to create a commission to look at runoff elections and ranked choice voting.

For U.S. Congress, learn about a number of pro-RCV congressional bills and their notable progress here.

 

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Lists of legislation from prior legislative sessions can be found at:

2021 RCV state legislation

2020 RCV state legislation

 

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