RCV Legislation

Federal Ranked Choice Voting Legislation

The Fair Representation Act (HB3863) would implement proportional RCV for U.S. House of Representatives elections. The bill includes multi-member districts, ranked choice voting, and independent redistricting commissions. 

The Voter Choice Act (HR5500 / S2939) would provide federal grants to support the cost of local and state governments transitioning to RCV and/or proportional RCV.

The Freedom to Vote Act (S2747) includes the administration of RCV as an eligible activity for funding within the act's State Democracy Promotion Program.

The For the People Act (HB1 / SB1) includes two pro-RCV provisions: one that requires all new voting equipment purchased with federal dollars to be compatible with RCV elections and one to create a GAO study about RCV. [Status: HR1 has passed the House of Representatives]

The Congress Commission Act (HB996) would establish a commission to make recommendations on the size of the U.S. House of Representatives and the potential of electing the House of Representatives with a proportional voting system.

The Voter Empowerment Act of 2021 (HB2358) includes a provision that would create a study on the impacts of RCV and its implementation. 

The Puerto Rico Self-Determination Act (HB2070 / SB865) establishes a process for Puerto Ricans to vote on their political status (e.g., statehood), including a provision allowing RCV to be used in such a vote. 


RCV Legislation in States

See our state legislation tracker for the status of active state-level RCV legislation.



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