Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move electoral reforms like ranked choice voting forward. First, show your support to help bring ranked choice voting to cities and states across the country by signing our petition. Then learn more and get more involved.

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The following list and map summarize bills that would expand the use of ranked choice voting in the United States, organized by state.

https://e.infogram.com/6b17df3f-7462-4740-8696-e5e302e22063?src=embed2020 State Legislation on RCV874671no0border:none;allowfullscreen

Connecticut

  • HB 05404: Establishes a task force designated to studying the implementation of ranked choice voting in federal, state, or municipal elections.

District of Columbia

  • B23-0491: Establishes ranked choice voting for primary and general elections for Mayor, Attorney General, Chairman of the Council, members of the Council, and members of the State Board of Education beginning in 2022.

Hawaii

  • SB 2006: Establishes ranked choice voting for special federal elections and special elections for vacant county council seats.
  • HB 2121Establishes ranked choice voting for special federal elections and special elections for vacant county council seats (House version of SB 2006).
  • SB 450: Establishes ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and nonpartisan general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020.
  • HB 210: Establishes ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and nonpartisan general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020 (House version of SB 450).
  • SB 680: Establishes ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and nonpartisan general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020.
  • SB 956: Establishes ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and nonpartisan general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020.
  • HB 1580: Establishes ranked choice voting for all contests for elected office.
  • SB 427: Establishes ranked choice voting for any federal election not held on the date of a regularly scheduled primary election or general election, along with special elections of vacant county council seats.
  • HB 718: Establishes ranked choice voting for any federal election not held on the date of a regularly scheduled primary election or general election, along with special elections of vacant county council seats (House version of SB 427).
  • HB 626: Establishes ranked choice voting for special elections for vacancies in the office of United States Representative.
  • HB 2128: Establishes ranked choice voting for any federal election not held on the date of a regularly scheduled primary election or general election, special election for vacant state senate or state house of representatives seat, and special election for a vacant seat on a county council.

Illinois

  • SB 2267: Establishes ranked choice voting for elections for members of General Assembly, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller, and Treasurer.
  • HB 5585: Establishes ranked choice voting for elections for members of General Assembly, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller, and Treasurer (House version of SB2267).

Indiana

  • SB 0370: Allows town election boards and counties to use ranked choice voting in municipal and county official elections.

Maine

  • LD 2126Provides one-time funding for June 2020 state primary and ongoing funding for software, tabulators, and courier services for ranked choice voting in the June 2020 primary and the November 2020 general election.
  • LD 1477: Allows the Legislature, or people using the direct initiative, to establish the method for determining the winners of general elections for Governor, State Senators, and State Representatives, including ranked choice voting.

Maryland

  • SB 89: Sets regulations for the review, certification, and decertification of voting systems, including ranked choice voting, and enables the State Board to review such systems.

Massachusetts

  • H 4301: Implements ranked choice voting for all statewide and congressional offices *(began as a state initiative petition).
  • S 414: Establishes ranked choice voting for elections for Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller, and Treasurer.
  • H 719: Establishes ranked choice voting for all nominations and elections in primaries.
  • S 420: Allows cities and towns to use ranked choice voting for local elections.
  • S 406: Allows cities and towns to use ranked choice voting for local elections.
  • H 635: Allows cities and towns to use ranked choice voting for local elections.
  • S 2544: Order authorizing committee on Election Laws to make an investigation and study of certain election laws issues, including ranked choice voting.

Michigan

  • HB 5282: Allows cities to use ranked choice voting in city official elections.
  • HB 5281: Allows cities to use ranked choice voting in city official elections when it is the only election on the ballot.

Minnesota

  • HF 983: Allows home rule charter or statutory cities, counties, townships, and school districts to adopt ranked choice voting for local office elections.
  • HF 1603: Allows home rule charter or statutory cities, counties, townships, and school districts to adopt ranked choice voting for general or special elections for local offices, or at a primary election which serves as a party-nominating election for a partisan office.
  • HF 1935: Allows home rule charter or statutory cities, counties, townships, and school districts to adopt ranked choice voting for general or special elections for local offices, or at a primary election which serves as a party-nominating election for a partisan office.
  • SF 2424: Allows home rule charter or statutory cities, counties, townships, and school districts to adopt ranked choice voting for general or special elections for local offices, or at a primary election which serves as a party-nominating election for a partisan office.
  • HF 3365Allows home rule charter or statutory cities, counties, townships, and school districts to adopt ranked choice voting for general or special elections for local offices, or at a primary election which serves as a party-nominating election for a partisan office.
  • SF 3380Allows home rule charter or statutory cities, counties, townships, and school districts to adopt ranked choice voting

Missouri

  • HB 1436: Establishes ranked choice voting for all primary and general elections for local elected offices. 

New Hampshire

  • HB 728: Establishes ranked choice voting for federal and state offices.

New Jersey

  • A 1200Establishes ranked-choice voting procedures for Governor, State Senate, and State General Assembly elections, as well as U.S. Senate, U.S. House, and presidential primary and general elections (carryover of A 5205).
  • S 1820: Establishes ranked-choice voting procedures for Governor, State Senate, and State General Assembly elections, as well as U.S. Senate, U.S. House, and presidential primary and general elections (carryover of A 5205).

New Mexico

  • HB 229: Allows municipalities to use ranked choice voting.

New York

  • S 02717Allows local governments to use ranked choice voting for specific local elections in 2022 and 2023.
  • A 08073: Allows local governments to use ranked choice voting for specific local elections in 2022 and 2023 (Assembly version of S 02717).
  • S 02517: Allows State Board of Elections to conduct a pilot program for 2022-2023 local governments to use ranked choice voting in their elections. Up to ten local governments will be selected in both 2022 and 2023.
  • A 07387: Allows State Board of Elections to conduct a pilot program for 2022-2023 local governments to use ranked choice voting in their elections. Up to ten local governments will be selected in both 2022 and 2023 (Assembly version of S 02517).
  • S 01447: Establishes ranked choice voting for municipal office elections.
  • A 08370: Establishes ranked choice voting for municipal office elections (Assembly version of S 01447).
  • S 07528: Encourages participation in elective franchise by all eligible voters to maximum extent and ensures that eligible voters who are members of racial, ethnic, and language-minority groups have an equal opportunity to participate in the political processes in New York, including ranked choice voting. 
  • A 09771Establishes ranked choice voting for all general elections, special electons, and primaries.

North Carolina

  • H 994: Establishes ranked choice voting for any State or federal office, with the exception of the president. Primary elections will yield four candidates for general elections.

Pennsylvania

  • SB 894: Allows municipalities to use ranked choice voting in municipal elections with three or more candidates.
  • HB 2042: Establishes ranked choice voting for all elected offices in the Commonwealth with the exception of President and Vice President of the U.S., along with any judicial office.

Rhode Island

  • H 7913Calls for the Secretary of State to evaluate the feasibility and provide recommendations for necessary regulations / statutes / legislation to implement ranked choice voting, and report findings to House by January 5th, 2021.

Vermont

  • H 0702Allows municipalities to vote on whether they want to use ranked choice voting for their elections. 
  • S 0174: Establishes ranked choice voting in all primary elections for U.S. Senator, U.S. Representative, and State office and in general elections for U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative.
  • JRS 021: Establishes ranked choice voting in Joint Assembly elections.
  • H 0444: Establishes ranked choice voting in all primary elections except for that of President and in general elections for the offices of U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative.

Virginia

  • HB 1103: Passed - Allows local electoral boards, the general registrar, and city council members to use ranked choice voting. Vests the State Board powers to oversee such system.
  • HB 360: Establishes ranked choice voting for general and special elections for offices of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, General Assembly, U.S. Senate, and U.S. House of Representatives.
  • HB 506: Passed - Establishes ranked choice voting for county board of supervisors elections in counties operating under the county manager plan of government (Arlington County).

Washington

  • SB 5708: Allows counties, cities, towns, school districts, fire districts, and port districts to use ranked choice voting.
  • HB 1722: Allows counties, cities, towns, school districts, fire districts, and port districts to use ranked choice voting (House version of SB 5708). 
  • SB 6569: Allows counties, cities, school districts, firedistricts, and port districts to conduct their elections using ranked choice voting.

West Virginia

  • SB 826: Establishes ranked choice voting for elections for WV Justices of the Supreme Court of Appeals.

Updated as of 4/13/2020

 

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