Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move electoral reforms like ranked choice voting forward. First, show your support to help bring ranked choice voting to cities and states across the country by signing our petition. You can use this tool from Open States to find out who your state legislators are and ask them to support these laws if they are still pending. Let us know how they respond. We also invite ranked choice voting supporters to connect in our Google Group, where activists are organizing at the local and state level to advance ranked choice voting in their communities. If you're ready to take that next step forward and get involved immediately to bring RCV to your community at the local or state level, take a look at our Activist Toolkit.

Spotlight: Maine

Know of any reform legislation not listed here? Contact us!

Click on a topic to begin.

The following list and map summarize bills that would expand the use of ranked choice voting in the United States, organized by state. This list will be updated throughout 2018 as more bills are introduced.

https://e.infogram.com/442c48de-2349-4e4d-a3ea-69b9c830343e?src=embed2018 State Legislation on RCV874710no0border:none;allowfullscreen


  • HB 390: Ranked choice voting for state and federal elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • SB 1367Allows for single-winner and multi-winner RCV for local contests (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 136Federal, state, or county elections not held on regularly scheduled primary/general election (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • HB 179Ranked choice voting for special elections for Congressional races (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • HB 2444Ranked choice voting for all elected offices. (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • SB 218: Ranked choice voting for special elections for Congressional races (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • SB 824: Ranked choice voting for local or state primary elections, special elections and nonpartisan general elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • SB 400:  Ranked choice voting for local elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • H 2897/S 380Local option (Left in Committee)
  • S 377Ranked choice voting for statewide offices (Left in Committee)
  • H 4252: Requires joint committee on election laws to study bills relating to elections


  • HB 173Ranked choice voting for Montgomery County Council elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • HB 477: Establishing the Potomac Compact for Fair Representation (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HF 3690: Prohibits ranked choice voting in any election. (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 1346Ranked choice voting for all state and federal offices (Session Ended, Bill Dead)

New Hampshire 

  • HB 1540Allows RCV for federal and state offices (Left in Committee)

New Jersey 

  • A 1801Cities can implement RCV

New York 

  • S 5616Allows RCV for local elections
  • A 8613Allows RCV for local elections
  • S 5605Pilot program for RCV use in local elections in 2020 and 2021
  • S 3309: In any New York City city-wide primaries for mayor, public advocate, or comptroller
  • S 4110: Enacts the “New York City Instant Run-off Voting Act” which requires RCV for any municipal election in NYC
  • A 10844Allows RCV for any NYC city-wide primaries for mayor, advocate, or comptroller
  • A 10886Creates a pilot program to provide for an instant runoff voting method to be used in up to ten local governments


  • HB 5201: Appropriations bill that allocates funds for the Benton County Ranked Choice Voting Pilot Project. Governor signed.

Rhode Island

  • H 7338/S 2801: Constitutional Amendment that imposes full RCV or top-two RCV for state elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 0638/SB 2271: Prohibits a county or municipality from using ranked choice voting. (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 0035: Municipal RCV Pilot Project. Governor signed.


  • HB 553Local option (Left in committee)
  • HB 932Allows RCV for the election of the Arlington Board of Supervisors (Left in Committee)


  • SB 213Allows RCV for military and overseas voters in presidential primaries (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 2746Cities can implement alternative voting systems like RCV (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • SB 6402: Provides options for local governments to adopt alternative voting procedures (Session Ended, Bill Dead)

Testimony for Ranked Choice Voting

This testimony was delivered and drafted by FairVote Action in support of ranked choice voting legislation in states across the country.

Alaska: Testimony on behalf of House Bill 390

Maryland: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 173

Massachusetts: Testimony on Behalf of Senate Bill 377/ House Bill 2897/ SB 380

Rhode Island: Testimony for Behalf of Special Legislative Commission 

Rhode Island: Testimony on Behalf of House Joint Resolution 7338

Virginia: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 932

Virginia: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 553


Sign the Petition: Tell the NYC Charter Revision Commission: Bring instant runoff voting to NYC!


Visit our FairVote New York website for more information: https://fairvoteny.org


What's happening?

New York City activists and elected officials joined together to call on the Mayoral Charter Revision Commission to implement instant runoff voting (IRV), also known as ranked choice voting. Mayor Bill de Blasio announced during his annual State of the City that the Mayoral Charter Revision Commission would be focusing on campaign finance reform, as well as voting reform, and held its first meeting last week. The commission has the power to include IRV as a charter amendment on the November ballot.

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Stay updated by following our Twitter and Instagram accounts and liking our Facebook page.

Visit the Charter Revision Commission website for more information on the public hearings. 

2018 Press Coverage:

In NYC, Primary Election Runoffs Could Become a Thing of the Past, Observer

Elected Officials, Advocates Push for Instant Runoff Voting, Gotham Gazette

Lawmakers Call on Charter Commission Support For IRV, Kings County Politics 

New Yorkers Could Rank Choices For Mayor Under This Plan, New York City Patch

Pols back new runoff vote plan, PressReader 

City pols pushing for instant runoff voting ahead of fall election, New York Daily News

Mayor's Charter Revision Commission Hears Testimony in Manhattan, Gotham Gazette

Brooklynites Testify at Charter Revision Commission Hearing, Gotham Gazette

City officials call for instant runoff voting in New York, FairVote blog

Press release


                   (NYC Campaign Finance Board contest uses online RCV ballot)



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