Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move electoral reforms like ranked choice voting forward. First, show your support to help bring ranked choice voting to cities and states across the country by signing our petition. You can use this tool from Open States to find out who your state legislators are and ask them to support these laws if they are still pending. Let us know how they respond. We also invite ranked choice voting supporters to connect in our Google Group, where activists are organizing at the local and state level to advance ranked choice voting in their communities. If you're ready to take that next step forward and get involved immediately to bring RCV to your community at the local or state level, take a look at our Activist Toolkit.

Spotlight: Maine

Know of any reform legislation not listed here? Contact us!

Click on a topic to begin.

The following list and map summarize bills that would expand the use of ranked choice voting in the United States, organized by state. This list will be updated throughout 2019 as more bills are introduced.

infogram_0_67532f9d-bf7a-4315-8708-e93254f582662019 State Legislation on RCVhttps://e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed.js?eJ6text/javascript

California

  • SB 212: Would authorize cities, counties and local education agency to conduct ranked choice voting elections Bill is on the governor's desk (update as of 10/2/19)
  • SB 641: Would authorize the Governor to require that a special election to fill a vacancy in a congressional or legislative office be conducted by ranked choice voting Bill was amended and no longer includes ranked choice voting

Connecticut

  • HB 5820: To establish a task force to study ranked-choice voting Bill did not advance this session
  • HB 5036:  To use Ranked choice voting for state, district and municipal offices (single winner) Bill did not advance this session
  • HB 6881: To allow ranked-choice voting in municipal elections Bill did not advance this session
  • SB 1050: To examine the feasibility of implementing ranked-choice voting at elections Bill did not advance this session

Georgia

  • SB 98: Would authorize the use of ranked voting for runoffs by overseas citizens and military personnel; to provide for special absentee ballots for such purpose; to provide for related matters; to repeal conflicting laws; and for other purposes. Bill will not advance this session

Hawaii

  • SB 427: Establishes ranked choice voting for special federal elections and special elections of vacant county council seats.  Bill will not advance this session
    HB 626Requires vacancies in the office of United States Representative to be filled by special election that is conducted using ranked choice voting. Bill will not advance this session
  • HB 210: Provides ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020. Bill will not advance this session
  • HB 718: Establishes ranked choice voting for special federal elections and special elections of vacant county council seats. Bill will not advance this session
  • HB 1580Establishes the ranked choice voting method of tabulation for all elections for elected office to ensure that elected officials received the majority of votes cast by the electorate. Bill will not advance this session
  • SB 680: Provides ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020. Bill will not advance this session
  • SB 956: Provides ranked choice method of voting for all partisan primary, special, and general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020. Bill will not advance this session
  • SB 450: Provides ranked choice voting for all partisan primary, special, and general elections held in this State on or after 1/1/2020. Bill will not advance this session

Indiana

  • SB 306:  Allows cities and towns an easier way to adopt ranked choice voting for local elections Bill will not advance this session

Maine

  • SB 1083: Implements ranked choice voting for presidential primaries and general elections Passed
  • SB 1196: Amends state constitution to allow ranked choice voting for state elections Bill will not advance this session
  • SB 1663: An act to clarify ranked choice voting laws Passed
  • LD 114: Open primaries and a slight augmentation of how RCV is conducted Bill will not advance this session

Maryland

  • HB 26: Provides ranked choice voting for Baltimore's council and mayor Bill will not advance this session
  • MC29-19: Allows a local option such as ranked choice voting for Montgomery County  Bill will not advance this session

Massachusetts

  • S. 414: Enact Ranked Choice Voting for all state and federal elections (except for President)
  • S.420: Allows cities and towns an easier way to adopt ranked choice voting for local elections
  • S. 406For legislation to promote access to democracy in Massachusetts.
  • H 719: Relative to the use of ranked choice voting in certain elections.
  • H 635Relative to providing a local option for ranked choice voting in municipal elections.

Minnesota

  • HB 983: Allows cities and towns an easier way to adopt ranked choice voting for local elections

  • HB 2424Ranked-choice voting local election jurisdictions option to adopt authorization and procedures for adoption, implementation and use establishment; municipalities use of electronic voting systems with a reallocation feature authorization

  • HB 1603: Election and campaign finance; various policy and technical changes made, automatic voter registration provided, voting rights of persons with felony convictions restored, early voting provided, automatic absentee ballot delivery authorized, ranked-choice voting authorized, National Popular Vote Interstate Compact adopted, campaign finance reporting requirements modified for Hennepin County elections and political subdivisions, expressly advocating definition modified, reporting of electioneering communications required, redistricting commission established, and money appropriated.

Missouri

  • HB 27: Requires all state and federal offices to use a ranked choice voting method
  • HB 28: Requires all local elections to use an ranked choice voting method

Montana

  • HJ 11Study of election processes and voting methods Bill will not advance this session

New Hampshire

  • HB 728: Ranked choice voting for federal and state offices Bill will not advance this session

New Jersey

  • A 1801: Allows ranked choice voting for certain local elective public offices
  • A 5205Establishes ranked-choice voting procedure for elections for Governor, State Senate, State General Assembly, United States Senate and House of Representatives, and presidential primaries and general elections for electors for United States President and Vice-President.

New Mexico

  • HB 407: Election Laws 50-year Tune-up, includes local RCV language Passed

New York

  • A 1420: Provides ranked choice voting for New York city's elections for the office of mayor, public advocate or comptroller.
  • A 5261: Repeals the current system for run-off primary elections in the city of New York and replaces it with a ranked choice voting system.
  • A 7387: Creates a pilot program to provide for an ranked choice voting method to be used in up to ten local governments for two years and provides for repeal of provisions
  • S 796: Provides ranked choice voting for New York city's elections for the office of mayor, public advocate or comptroller.
  • S 1447: Requires ranked choice voting for municipal elections in New York City
  • S 2517: Creates a pilot program to provide for an ranked choice voting method to be used in up to ten local governments for two years and provides for repeal of provisions
  • S 2717: Establishes a ranked choice voting method for certain local elections; provides for repeal of such provisions

North Carolina 

  • HB 994: Top-four open primary with ranked-choice voting in the general election

Oregon

  • HB 2984Requires that Secretary of State provide official Military or Overseas Elector Ballot for Presidential Nominating Contests that permits military or overseas electors to rank candidates for party nomination for President of United States by order of preference.

Rhode Island

  • H 5496: Majority vote requirement through instant runoff voting Bill will not advance this session

Texas

  • HB 3514: Relating to use of preferential voting in certain elections Bill will not advance this session
  • HB 2010:Relating to preferential voting in a primary election Bill will not advance this session

Utah

  • HB 277: Amendments to Municipal Alternate Voting Methods Pilot Project Passed

Vermont

  • H 444: An act relating to ranked choice voting
  • JRS 21: To require ranked choice voting in Joint Assembly elections 
  • SB 174: An act relating to ranked choice voting 

Virginia

  • HB 2751: Provides ranked choice voting elections for members of a county board of supervisors or city council. The bill has a delayed effective date of July 1, 2020. Bill will not advance this session
  • SB 1731: Provides ranked choice voting elections for members of a county board of supervisors or city council. The bill has a delayed effective date of July 1, 2020. Bill will not advance this session
  • HB 2097: Provides ranked choice voting elections for local and constitutional offices. The provisions of the bill expire on July 1, 2024. Bill will not advance this session

Washington

  • SB 5708: Allows cities and towns an easier way to adopt ranked choice voting for local elections Bill will not advance this session
  • HB 1722: Allows cities and towns an easier way to adopt ranked choice voting for local elections Bill will not advance this session

Wyoming

  • SF 0065: Provides ranked choice voting at primary and general elections as specified Bill will not advance this session

Sign the Petition: Tell the NYC Charter Revision Commission: Bring instant runoff voting to NYC!

webFairVote_CityHall-28.jpg

Visit our FairVote New York website for more information: https://fairvoteny.org

 

What's happening?

New York City activists and elected officials joined together to call on the Mayoral Charter Revision Commission to implement instant runoff voting (IRV), also known as ranked choice voting. Mayor Bill de Blasio announced during his annual State of the City that the Mayoral Charter Revision Commission would be focusing on campaign finance reform, as well as voting reform, and held its first meeting last week. The commission has the power to include IRV as a charter amendment on the November ballot.

560315https://www.youtube.com/embed/dPm3NBYmc8c0autoplay; encrypted-media

Stay updated by following our Twitter and Instagram accounts and liking our Facebook page.

Visit the Charter Revision Commission website for more information on the public hearings. 

2018 Press Coverage:

In NYC, Primary Election Runoffs Could Become a Thing of the Past, Observer

Elected Officials, Advocates Push for Instant Runoff Voting, Gotham Gazette

Lawmakers Call on Charter Commission Support For IRV, Kings County Politics 

New Yorkers Could Rank Choices For Mayor Under This Plan, New York City Patch

Pols back new runoff vote plan, PressReader 

City pols pushing for instant runoff voting ahead of fall election, New York Daily News

Mayor's Charter Revision Commission Hears Testimony in Manhattan, Gotham Gazette

Brooklynites Testify at Charter Revision Commission Hearing, Gotham Gazette

City officials call for instant runoff voting in New York, FairVote blog

Press release

History: 

                   (NYC Campaign Finance Board contest uses online RCV ballot)

 

 

Join Us Today to Help Create a More Perfect Union