Voters rank their preferred candidates on the ballot. To determine the state’s majority winner, add up all first choices. Then, eliminate the lowest vote-getter, and count those voters’ second choices for the remaining candidates. Continue the ranked choice count until the final two to determine which candidate received the broadest possible support. In the case of a contested convention, superdelegates can cast their votes using these results to better reflect supporters’ choices.
For winner-take-all or winner-take-most states, this candidate earns all (or most) of the state’s delegates. For proportional allocation, consider the results at the point when all remaining candidates exceed the minimum threshold. If there is no threshold, allocate in direct proportion.
Ranked choice ballots can also be used to reallocate votes for candidates who have dropped out of the race based on supporters’ backup choices.