Where RCV is Used

Where is Ranked Choice Voting Used?

Ranked choice voting (RCV, also called “single transferable vote” and “instant runoff voting”) has improved elections in cities and states across the United States, as well as in universities,  private organizations and elections worldwide. Voters in cities using RCV often report less negative campaigning, and extensive surveys of seven cities in 2013-2014 found majority support in every city.

Former Minneapolis mayor Betsy Hodges on expanding the conversation with voters.

Hear how former elected officials like Mayor Mike Brennan describes the impact of ranked choice voting on their campaigns:


From 2017 Minneapolis news conference with both winning and losing mayoral candidates

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United States Public Elections

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Ranked choice voting is used to elect city officers in 12 cities as of March 2018 with at least three cities and one county awaiting implementation after voter approval Ranked choice ballots are also used by military and overseas voters in five states and one city.

Spotlight: Cambridge

Spotlight: Bay Area

Full list of U.S. jurisdictions using RCV

RCV on Campus

Over 50 colleges and universities in the United States use ranked choice voting to elect some or all student government positions. That means that over 700,000 students across the country are empowered with more choice in electing student leaders.

Full list of colleges and universities using RCV for student government elections

Private Organizations and Corporations

Recommended by Robert’s Rules of Order for organizational elections conducted by mail, ranked choice voting is used widely among private associations organizations. Probably its highest profile use by a private organization is in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, who use RCV to nominate and select winners of the prestigious Academy Awards. Ranked choice voting in multi-winner elections is commonly used by British organizations as well.

Too many organizations use RCV for a comprehensive list. Here is a partial list of private organizations and corporations using RCV.

Public Elections Internationally

Ranked choice voting is used by every voter in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, Malta, Northern Ireland, and Scotland, often with the multi-winer, proportional form of it (“single transferable vote”). RCV also is used in party elections and local elections throughout the English-speaking world, including national leaders of the major conservative parties in Canada and New Zealand and major liberal parties in Canada and United Kingdom.

Examples of uses of RCV include: Australia (federal House of Representatives and nearly all state and local government elections and a multi-winner form of it for senate elections); Ireland (for president and multi-winner form for parliament and many local elections; Malta (multi-winner form for parliament; New Zealand (for mayor and city council in major cities such as Wellington, along with health board elections); Northern Ireland (multi-winner form for regional parliament and most local elections); Scotland (multi=winner form for all local government elections.  In India, Nepal and Pakistan elected officials use the multi-winner from of RCV to select their national senates and in the case of India its president. Forms of RCV are also used to elect the mayor of London and president of Sri Lanka.

International election systems

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