Policy Guide

FairVote's Policy Guide includes one-page policy briefs for key electoral reform proposals, along with the following resources:

These proposals represent the cutting edge in reforms for expanding suffrage, enhancing voter access, and protecting the right to a meaningful vote at all levels of government.

If you have any questions or comments relating to FairVote's Policy Guide, please contact our legal director Drew Spencer at dspencer [at] fairvote [dot] org or (301) 270-4616. 

Click on a topic to begin.

Extending Voting Rights to 16- and 17-Year-Old Citizens

State and local policy. Localities can expand voting and enhance civic engagement for all citizens by joining the practice of several nations and other jurisdictions in enfranchising otherwise-eligible voters when they turn 16.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

17-Year-Old Primary and Caucus Voting

State and political party policy. If a voter will be eligible to vote in the general election, they should be able to vote in the primary or caucus that will nominate candidates to be on their ballots. An increasing number of states and political parties have therefore extended voting rights in primaries and caucuses to 17-year-olds who will be 18 by the date of the next general election.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Election Day Holiday

State and federal policy. Federal and state law should mandate that our most important Election Days be observed as holidays. That way, people would be more able to vote at any time of day, not just before or after work.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Restoring Voting Rights to Citizens with Past Felony Convictions

State policy. It should be easy for people with felony convictions to reintegrate into lawful society once they have completed their sentences. States can facilitate this process by simplifying the process of voting rights restoration and voter registration for people with felony convictions.

Policy Guide

Model Statute

Automatic Voter Registration

State policy. Automatic voter registration is the norm in many modern democracies. Rather than forbidding eligible voters from voting until they "opt-in" by registering, eligible voters should be able to vote by default, with the ability to opt-out if they choose to.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Youth Voter Pre-Registration

State policy.Otherwise-eligible voters should be able to pre-register to vote before they reach voting age. That way they can will automatically be able to vote as soon as they become eligible.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Automatic Voter Registration at High School and Colleges

State and local policy. It is easy for high schools - that already have their students' information - to ensure that all of their students are preregistered for voting. That way, more prospective voters are registered as soon as they become eligible to vote.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Post-Election Audit Standards

State policy. Risk-limiting post-election audits allow voters to be confident in the accuracy of election results. When done well, they can be easy to administer, requiring variable levels of auditing depending on how close the election margins are, up to a full recount in the closest elections.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Ranked Choice Ballots for Military and Overseas Voters

State and local policy. Military and overseas voters can participate in an election and its corresponding runoff at once, preventing them from being disenfranchised when two elections do not allow sufficient time for ballots to be mailed and returned.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

RCV Ballots for Military and Overseas Voters: Presidential Nominating Contests

State policy. By the time military voters have received, filled out, and mailed back their ballots in presidential nominating contests, one or more candidates may have dropped out of the race. By allowing them to use ranked ballots, they can ensure that their vote will count for their favorite candidate that is still in the running.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Usability Testing for Ballots

State, local and federal policy. Voters can be inadvertently disenfranchised by incorrectly filling out a confusing ballot. Ballot designs should be tested to ensure that they are usable in advance of their implementation.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

A Constitutional Right to Vote

Federal policy. The right to vote is the foundation of democracy, yet the U.S. Constitution contains no explicit right to vote. The Constitution should be amended to explicitly grant the affirmative right to vote to every citizen of voting age.

Text of H.J.Res. 44

Policy Brief

Reasonable Ballot Access

State and federal policy. Voters are denied meaningful choices when the candidates they prefer most are kept off of the ballot entirely. States should pass commonsense ballot access requirements for all candidates at every stage of the election.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

High School Civics Education

State and local policy. Students who are given a thorough civics education are more likely to become active participants in the democratic process. Surveys show that students who participate in civics education are more likely to show an interest in politics.

ALICE Model Civics in Schools

Policy Brief

Mock Legislature in Capitals

State and local policy. The best way for students to understand how their elected officials pass laws is to participate in a mock legislative session.

Policy Brief

Districts Plus

State policy. Districts Plus couples the election of state legislators from districts with additional "accountability seats" to ensure that when most voters favor candidates of one political party, that is the party that actually wins the most seats overall.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Non-Partisan Ballot Labels

State and local policy. Voters are more likely to participate in non-partisan races in an informed way when their ballots include not only the candidates' names, but also information about those candidates' views and associations.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Presidential Nomination Reform

State and political party policy. The ability of states to decide their own schedules in presidential nominating contests leads to earlier and earlier primary and caucus dates and a lack of rational structure in the nomination process. States can work with parties to establish a more sensible plan for presidential candidate nominations based on randomized, rotating primary and caucus dates.

Policy Brief

Ranked Choice Voting for At-Large Local Elections

Local policy. Cities can have fair and representative elections in at-large contests by using ranked choice voting. Ranked choice voting allows nearly all voters to elect a candidate of choice while empowering them to honestly rank candidates in order of preference.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

State Voting Rights Act

State policy. States can protect minority voting rights and keep cases in state court by passing their own state Voting Rights Acts that allow lawsuits against places that dilute the votes of racial minority populations.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

Top Four with Ranked Choice Voting

State and local policy. Places that want to open primary elections to all voters can do so without closing off their general elections to meaningful competition. This can be achieved by using an all-partisan preliminary election that advances four candidates to the general election and conducts that general election by ranked choice voting.

Policy Brief

Model Statute

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