Instant Runoff Voting/Ranked Choice Voting
Upholding the principle of majority rule and accommodating genuine voter choice are marks of a well-functioning democracy. That's why we encourage understanding, adoption and effective implementation of ranked choice voting.
When electing one candidate, ranked choice voting is commonly called instant runoff voting (IRV). IRV is used in a growing number of elections in the United States and around the world.
When electing more than one candidate, ranked choice voting (or "choice voting") is an American, candidate-based form of proportional representation that allows like-minded voters to elect candidates in proportion to their share of the vote.
Other names for these voting methods include preferential voting and the single transferable vote.
The "Top Two" system has gained attention as a means of addressing political issues through election reform. Unfortunately, Top Two severely limits voter choice, and evidence suggests that it does not accomplish its stated goals well. For states using or considering Top Two, FairVote recommends a ranked choice alternative: Top Four. Simply advance four candidates instead of two, and conduct the general election by ranked choice voting!
Choice voting is a proportional voting system where voters maximize the effectiveness of their vote by ranking candidates in multi-seat constituencies, and is FairVote's preferred system for use in the United States.
Featured Blog Posts
January 13, 2014
Proposals to raise the threshold of election in Israel's proportional representation system have proved controversial. Our innovative ranked choice proposal could remove that controversy.
December 20, 2013
Ballot data from November's Cambridge City Council election can be used to simulate a vote using block voting, the most common method for the election of city councils in the United States. The results illustrate the value of the Cambridge system for ensuring fair representation of political and ethnic minority groups.