Instant Runoff Voting/Ranked Choice Voting

Ranked Choice Voting CAR

Upholding the principle of majority rule and accommodating genuine voter choice are marks of a well-functioning democracy. That's why we encourage understanding, adoption and effective implementation of ranked choice voting.

When electing one candidate, ranked choice voting is commonly called instant runoff voting (IRV). IRV is used in a growing number of elections in the United States and around the world.

When voters are electing more than one candidate in a single district with ranked choice voting, it's call fair representation voting, which is an American, candidate-based form of proportional representation. This system allows like-minded voters to elect candidates in proportion to their share of the vote. Other names for these voting methods include preferential voting and the single transferable vote.




Top Four Elections


The "Top Two" system has gained attention as a means of addressing political issues through election reform. Unfortunately, Top Two severely limits voter choice, and evidence suggests that it does not accomplish its stated goals well. For states using or considering Top Two, FairVote recommends a ranked choice alternative: Top Four. Simply advance four candidates instead of two, and conduct the general election by ranked choice voting!

Choice Voting

Choice voting is a proportional voting system where voters maximize the effectiveness of their vote by ranking candidates in multi-seat constituencies, and is FairVote's preferred system for use in the United States.

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Featured Video

Video Demonstration of IRV