Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move innovations such as ranked choice voting forward. Check out these lists to see if there’s pending reform legislation in your state. You can use this tool from Open States to find out who your state legislators are and ask them to support these laws if they are still pending. Let us know how they respond.

Know of any reform legislation not listed here? Contact us!

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Arizona
HB 2283: Establishes procedures for RCV and requires voting equipment be able to implement it.

California
SB 1288: Enables local governments to use ranked choice voting and other fair representation methods in their elections.

Tell Your Legislator to Support SB 1288

District of Columbia
B 21-0002: Requires use of RCV for all District positions.

Georgia
SB 102: Requires use of RCV for overseas and military voters in federal runoff elections.

Hawaii
SB 623/HB 2019: Requires use of RCV in all partisan primary elections, special elections, and nonpartisan general elections. Passed the House Judiciary Committee unanimously.

Indiana
SB 277: Requires use of RCV for elections for all public offices.

Maine
See The Committee for Ranked Choice Voting.

Maryland
HB 1116: Enables the Montgomery County Council to use RCV in special elections for County offices. Passed the House County delegation unanimously.
SB 762: Establishes an interstate compact to use fair representation voting methods such as ranked choice voting for congressional elections.

Massachusetts
HB 575/608: Requires the use of RCV for all state offices in general elections.
HB 576/610: Requires the use of RCV for all state offices in primary elections.

Minnesota
HB 1280/SB 1855: Enables local governments to use RCV and establishes procedures for administering elections.
HB 2619/SB 2747: Requires the use of RCV to elect the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota.

New Jersey
AB 1762: Enables the use of RCV in certain local elections.

New York
SB 2738: Creates a pilot program to provide for RCV to be used in up to ten local governments, selected by the state board of elections, in election years 2019 and 2020, requires report to state legislature.
SB 2741/AB 5744: Permits the use of RCV on a trial basis in certain local elections at the option of local governments in the years 2016, 2017 and 2018.
SB 4586/AB 5571: Requires the use of RCV in primary elections for mayor, public advocate, and comptroller in the city of New York.

Rhode Island
HB 7311: Proposes an amendment to the Constitution to provide for a majority vote requirement through instant runoff voting for a general officers' election.

Vermont
HB 115: Requires the use of RCV for military or overseas voters in presidential primaries.

Washington
HB 1745: Allows localities to resolve voting rights challenges with multi-winner RCV.

Ranked Choice Voting Initiative in Maine

Maine has a long history of independent thinkers in local, state, and national offices. The state also has a large number of independent voters that have elected governors, U.S. senators, and state legislatures from a variety of parties. Maine has had multi-candidate races for governor, with only one of the last five races won with more than 50% of the vote.

Ranked choice voting was first introduced in 2011 to Maine voters in Portland. A citizen-led grassroots organization is now spearheading efforts to promote majority winners in statewide elections using ranked choice voting. You can learn more about the effort to adopt ranked choice voting in Maine by visiting our Spotlight on Maine.

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