Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move innovations such as ranked choice voting forward. You can use this tool from Open States to find out who your state legislators are and ask them to support these laws if they are still pending. Let us know how they respond. We also invite ranked choice voting supporters to connect in our Google Group, where activists are organizing at the local and state level to advance ranked choice voting in their communities.

Know of any reform legislation not listed here? Contact us!

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//e.infogr.am/_/rAlUKkOw4C9l0L1MqB5u?src=embedNew Legislation in 13 States to Expand Use of Ranked Choice Voting in 2016689618no0border:none;

This list contains information on bills introduced during 2016 legislative sessions. Stay tuned in 2017 when we will update the list as new sessions begin.

HB 2283: Establishes procedures for RCV and requires voting equipment be able to implement it.

SB 1288: Enables local governments to use ranked choice voting and other fair representation methods in their elections.

Tell Your Legislator to Support SB 1288

District of Columbia
B 21-0002: Requires use of RCV for all District positions.

SB 102: Requires use of RCV for overseas and military voters in federal runoff elections.

SB 623/HB 2019: Requires use of RCV in all partisan primary elections, special elections, and nonpartisan general elections. Passed the House Judiciary Committee unanimously.

SB 277: Requires use of RCV for elections for all public offices.

See The Committee for Ranked Choice Voting.

HB 1116: Enables the Montgomery County Council to use RCV in special elections for County offices. Passed the House County delegation unanimously.
SB 762: Establishes an interstate compact to use fair representation voting methods such as ranked choice voting for congressional elections.

HB 575/608: Requires the use of RCV for all state offices in general elections.
HB 576/610: Requires the use of RCV for all state offices in primary elections.

HB 1280/SB 1855: Enables local governments to use RCV and establishes procedures for administering elections.
HB 2619/SB 2747: Requires the use of RCV to elect the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota.

New Jersey
AB 1762: Enables the use of RCV in certain local elections.

New York
SB 2738: Creates a pilot program to provide for RCV to be used in up to ten local governments, selected by the state board of elections, in election years 2019 and 2020, requires report to state legislature.
SB 2741/AB 5744: Permits the use of RCV on a trial basis in certain local elections at the option of local governments in the years 2016, 2017 and 2018.
SB 4586/AB 5571: Requires the use of RCV in primary elections for mayor, public advocate, and comptroller in the city of New York.

Rhode Island
HB 7311: Proposes an amendment to the Constitution to provide for a majority vote requirement through instant runoff voting for a general officers' election.

HB 115: Requires the use of RCV for military or overseas voters in presidential primaries.

HB 1745: Allows localities to resolve voting rights challenges with multi-winner RCV.

Ranked Choice Voting Initiative in Maine

November 8, 2016, Maine became the first state to adopt ranked choice voting for the election of its governor, members of Congress, and state legislature. Maine has a long history of independent thinkers in local, state, and national offices. The state also has a large number of independent voters that have elected governors, U.S. senators, and state legislatures from a variety of parties. the state has had multi-candidate races for governor, with only one of the last five races won with more than 50% of the vote.

Ranked choice voting was first introduced in 2011 to Maine voters in Portland. A citizen-led grassroots organization spearheaded the winning campaign in 2016 to promote majority winners in statewide elections using ranked choice voting. You can learn more about the effort to adopt ranked choice voting in Maine by visiting our Spotlight on Maine.

November 8, 2016, voters in Benton County, Oregon voted 'Yes' on Measure 2-100 to adopt ranked choice voting. The measure allows Benton County voters to use ranked choice voting to elect county commissioners during November elections. It has been endorsed by over 50 community organizations and leaders, including the Gazette-Times, six political parties, and the Corvallis League of Women Voters. Benton County (population 86,500) is home to Oregon State University in Corvallis, which is one of more than 50 US schools using ranked choice voting to elect its student government.

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