Elections are not competitive. More than 80% of U.S. House districts are completely safe for the party that holds them, and only 5% will be true toss-ups in 2016. As a result, millions of Americans are perpetually represented by politicians they oppose, with little hope of changing things at the polls.
Outcomes are distorted. We project that in 2018, Democrats would need to win the national vote by more than 5 percentage points just to earn a one-seat majority. Many state delegations are even more skewed, as in Massachusetts, which elects 9 Democrats and 0 Republicans, even though 40% of its voters prefer the GOP.
Representatives are more polarized than voters. Voters in general elections must choose between polarized candidates selected by highly partisan primary voters, leaving moderate Americans without a route to representation.
Meaningful elections. By electing candidates proportionally from multi-winner "super districts" with three to five seats, the RCV Act would result in nearly all Americans being represented by both Republicans and Democrats. And, many of the critical intra-party decisions now made in primaries would be shifted to the general election, when far more voters participate.
Accurate Representation. Because election results under the RCV Act would be proportional within each district, the skewed outcomes of our current system would be made a thing of the past. Voters that are now shut-out, like Republicans in Massachusetts or Democrats in Oklahoma, would win their fair share of representation. Within states and across the country, the number of seats earned by each party would align far more closely to their share of the vote.
A fair shot for moderates and independents. With proportional outcomes and a wider variety of candidates advancing to the general election, the RCV Act would reduce the outsized influence of partisan primary voters, and empower the far larger and more representative electorate that participates in general elections. Like other groups, moderates would be empowered by the RCV Act to win their fair share of representation.