Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move innovations such as ranked choice voting forward. You can use this tool from Open States to find out who your state legislators are and ask them to support these laws if they are still pending. Let us know how they respond. We also invite ranked choice voting supporters to connect in our Google Group, where activists are organizing at the local and state level to advance ranked choice voting in their communities.

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The following list and map summarize bills that would expand the use of ranked choice voting in the United States, organized by state. This list will be updated throughout 2017 as more bills are introduced.

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Arizona

  • HB 2272: Establishes rules and procedures for ranked choice voting and specifications for election equipment.

Connecticut

  • HB 6153: Establishes ranked choice voting for federal, state, and municipal offices.
  • HB 5950: Creates a study of ranked choice voting.

Georgia

  • SB 32: Allows overseas voters to use ranked choice voting ballots in general, special, primary, and run-off elections. 

Hawaii

  • HB 179/SB 218: Establishes ranked choice voting for special elections for Congressional races and for the election of council members in counties. The House version passed with a bipartisan vote of 47-3 on March 7.
  • SB 824: Provides a ranked choice method of voting for all partisan primary elections, special elections, and nonpartisan general elections.

Illinois 

  • SB 780: Establishes ranked choice voting for the offices of the Governor, Lt. Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller, and Treasurer. 
  • HB 2917: Allows local jurisdictions to adopt multi-winner ranked choice voting in resolving voting rights disputes.

Indiana

  • SB 529: Permits a municipality to implement ranked choice voting for all offices and permits a county to implement ranked choice voting for all offices.

Iowa

  • SF 348: Establishes ranked choice voting in primary and general elections for US Senate and House, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and state Senate and Assembly.

Maryland 

  • HB 622: Establishes an interstate compact to use fair representation voting methods such as ranked choice voting for congressional elections. This bill was heard in committee on March 3, with FairVote submitting this testimony in support.

Massachusetts

  • SD 485: Enables cities and towns to adopt ranked choice voting.
  • HB 377: Establishes ranked choice voting for state offices. 
  • HB 2897: Enables certain municipalities to adopt ranked choice voting. This legislation is also being sponsored by 31 members of the Massachusetts House and Senate. 

Minnesota

  • HF 2322: Enables certain municipalities to adopt ranked choice voting.
  • SF 2071: Enables certain municipalities to adopt ranked choice voting.

Missouri

  • SB 140: Establishes ranked choice voting for all local primary elections.
  • HB 856: Establishes ranked choice voting for all state & federal offices. This bill was heard in committee on March 1, with FairVote submitting this testimony in support. This bill is no longer being considered, but supporters can contact the sponsor to thank them and ask that it be reintroduced next year.

New Jersey

  • A 1762: Enables certain municipalities to adopt ranked choice voting.

New York

  • S 3309/H 5752: Requires ranked choice voting in all citywide primary elections in New York City. The Senate version of this bill passed unanimously out of committee and is scheduled for a floor vote.
  • S 5605: Creates a pilot program to provide for an instant runoff voting method to be used in up to ten local governments for two years and provides for repeal of provisions
  • S 5616Establishes an instant runoff voting method for certain local elections; provides for repeal of such provisions
  • S 4110: Enacts the "NYC instant run-off voting act"; requires an instant run-off in any municipal election in New York City. 

North Carolina

  • H 193: uses ranked choice voting in certain court vacancy elections.

Rhode Island

  • H 5513: State: Implements RCV for statewide offices. 

Utah

  • HB 349: Establishes the use of RCV for multi-candidate primary & general elections. The House passed this bill by a strong, bi-partisan margin of 59-12. In the Senate, the bill's committee vote was a tie, preventing it from going to the floor this year. Supporters in Utah are optimistic that the bill has a good chance of becoming the solution to the state's ongoing nominations saga next year.

Virginia

  • HB 2315: Establishes ranked choice voting for state and federal offices. This bill is no longer being considered, but supporters can contact the sponsor to thank them and ask that it be reintroduced next year.

Washington

  • HB 1800/SB 5267: Allows local jurisdictions to adopt multi-winner ranked choice voting in resolving voting rights disputes.
  • SB 5067: Allows local jurisdictions to adopt multi-winner ranked choice voting in resolving voting rights disputes.

Wyoming

  • SF 112: Established a Condorcet method of voting using ranked ballots in primary and general elections.
  • HB 248: Establishes a committee that will research alternative electoral systems. This bill is no longer being considered, but supporters can contact the sponsor to thank them and ask that it be reintroduced next year.

Testimony for Ranked Choice Voting

This testimony was delivered and drafted by FairVote Action in support of ranked choice voting legislation in states across the country.

Maryland: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 622

Missouri: Letter of Support for HB 856

Rhode Island: Letter of Support for H 5513

 

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