Ranked Choice Voting in States

FairVote tracks bills in state legislatures that move electoral reforms like ranked choice voting forward. First, show your support to help bring ranked choice voting to cities and states across the country by signing our petition. You can use this tool from Open States to find out who your state legislators are and ask them to support these laws if they are still pending. Let us know how they respond. We also invite ranked choice voting supporters to connect in our Google Group, where activists are organizing at the local and state level to advance ranked choice voting in their communities. If you're ready to take that next step forward and get involved immediately to bring RCV to your community at the local or state level, take a look at our Activist Toolkit.

Spotlight: Maine

Know of any reform legislation not listed here? Contact us!

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The following list and map summarize bills that would expand the use of ranked choice voting in the United States, organized by state. This list will be updated throughout 2018 as more bills are introduced.

https://e.infogram.com/442c48de-2349-4e4d-a3ea-69b9c830343e?src=embed2018 State Legislation on RCV874710no0border:none;allowfullscreen


  • HB 390: Ranked choice voting for state and federal elections (Timed out in session)


  • SB 1367: Allows for single-winner and multi-winner RCV for local contests (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 136: Federal, state, or county elections not held on regularly scheduled primary/general election (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • HB 179: Ranked choice voting for special elections for Congressional races (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • HB 2444: Ranked choice voting for all elected offices. (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • SB 218: Ranked choice voting for special elections for Congressional races (Session Ended, Bill Dead)
  • SB 824: Ranked choice voting for local or state primary elections, special elections and nonpartisan general elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • SB 400:  Ranked choice voting for local elections (Timed out in session)


  • H 2897/S 380: Local option (Left in committee)
  • S 377: Ranked choice voting for statewide offices (Left in committee)
  • H 4252: Requires joint committee on election laws to study bills relating to elections


  • HB 173: Ranked choice voting for Montgomery County Council elections (Timed out in session)
  • HB 477: Establishing the Potomac Compact for Fair Representation (Timed out in session)


  • HF 3690: Prohibits ranked choice voting in any election. Contact Jeanne Massey to save ranked choice voting in Minnesota!


  • HB 1346: Ranked choice voting for all state and federal offices

New Hampshire 

  • HB 1540: Allows RCV for federal and state offices (Left in committee)

New Jersey 

  • A 1801: Cities can implement RCV

New York 

  • S 5616: Allows RCV for local elections
  • A 8613: Allows RCV for local elections
  • S 5605: Pilot program for RCV use in local elections in 2020 and 2021
  • S 3309: In any New York City city-wide primaries for mayor, public advocate, or comptroller
  • S 4110: Enacts the “New York City Instant Run-off Voting Act” which requires RCV for any municipal election in NYC


  • HB 5201: Appropriations bill that allocates funds for the Benton County Ranked Choice Voting Pilot Project. Governor signed.

Rhode Island

  • H 7338/S 2801: Constitutional Amendment that imposes full RCV or top-two RCV for state elections (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 0638/SB 2271: Prohibits a county or municipality from using ranked choice voting. (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 0035: Municipal RCV Pilot Project. Governor signed.


  • HB 553: Local option (Left in committee)
  • HB 932: Allows RCV for the election of the Arlington Board of Supervisors (Left in committee)


  • SB 213: Allows RCV for military and overseas voters in presidential primaries (Session Ended, Bill Dead)


  • HB 2746: Cities can implement alternative voting systems like RCV (Timed out in session)
  • SB 6402: Provides options for local governments to adopt alternative voting procedures (Timed out in session)

Testimony for Ranked Choice Voting

This testimony was delivered and drafted by FairVote Action in support of ranked choice voting legislation in states across the country.

Maryland: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 173

Massachusetts: Testimony on Behalf of Senate Bill 377/ House Bill 2897/ SB 380

Virginia: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 932

Virginia: Testimony on Behalf of House Bill 553



What's happening?

New York City activists and elected officials joined together to call on the Mayoral Charter Revision Commission to implement instant runoff voting (IRV), also known as ranked choice voting. Mayor Bill de Blasio announced during his annual State of the City that the Mayoral Charter Revision Commission would be focusing on campaign finance reform, as well as voting reform, and held its first meeting last week. The commission has the power to include IRV as a charter amendment on the November ballot.

2018 Press Coverage:

In NYC, Primary Election Runoffs Could Become a Thing of the Past, Observer

Elected Officials, Advocates Push for Instant Runoff Voting, Gotham Gazette

Lawmakers Call on Charter Commission Support For IRV, Kings County Politics 

New Yorkers Could Rank Choices For Mayor Under This Plan, New York City Patch

Pols back new runoff vote plan, PressReader 

City pols pushing for instant runoff voting ahead of fall election, New York Daily News

Mayor's Charter Revision Commission Hears Testimony in Manhattan, Gotham Gazette

Brooklynites Testify at Charter Revision Commission Hearing, Gotham Gazette


                   (NYC Campaign Finance Board contest uses online RCV ballot)



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