Content Categorized with "Research & Analysis"
81 - 90 of 104 results
- Posted: October 2, 2006
- Categories: Ranked Choice Voting, Research & Analysis, FairVote, All Reports
This study looks at the decline in voter turnout between primary and primary runoff elections for federal races from 1994-2006. It is based on the two-party results of those elections. In the vast majority of cases, it is possible to look for trends in the relationship between turnout and a candidate's race, gender, affiliation and/or office sought (House or Senate). The study also looks at comebacks, or elections in which the runoff winner had trailed in the first round primary, and incumbency.
- Posted: August 1, 2006
- Author(s): Inga Kwiatkowska
- Categories: Europe, Research & Analysis, International Elections, FairVote, All Reports
Poland held elections to its parliament in September 2005. Its lower house, the Sejm, is elected proportionally from closed lists. The Senate is elected in two- or three-member winner-take-all districts. While this feature of Senate elections should discourage small parties from running candidates, more and more parties contest elections with each passing cycle. Despite a relatively high threshold of 5% to enter the Sejm, small, ideologically similar parties proliferate, and coalition-building remains a challenge. This paper looks the intersections of Poland’s electoral system and party behavior, coalition-bulding, and turnout. It also considers the potential implications of a change to the formula used to allocate Sejm seats.
- Posted: June 6, 2006
- Author(s): Rob Richie, Rachel Lewis, and Jack Santucci
- Categories: National Popular Vote, Research & Analysis, International Elections, FairVote, All Reports
Of the 28 freest presidential democracies, 21 require the president to win with a majority of votes. Two more mandate presidents be elected with relatively high minimum pluralities. Only five allow pure plurality winners. One of them, the United States, permits the winner of the popular vote to lose the election through an Electoral College system. The 23 countries with majority and minimum plurality requirements all employ runoff elections. 22 use delayed runoff elections and one, Ireland, builds both rounds into one with instant runoff voting (IRV).
Each method has implications for voter choice, quality of campaigning and respect for majority rule. This report examines each system and its implications by way of description and case studies.
- Posted: May 31, 2006
- Author(s): Ryan Griffin, Research Fellow
- Categories: D.C. Voting Rights, Research & Analysis, FairVote, All Reports
This report makes clear the extent to which the preferences of black and urban voters are under-represented in the nomination process. It then argues that an early primary in Washington, D.C. is the only way to give these loyal Democratic constituencies an effective voice in the 2008 nomination.
- Posted: May 4, 2006
- Author(s): Usman Ahmed
- Categories: Research & Analysis, Right to Vote Amendment, Felon Disenfranchisement, FairVote, All Reports
Because Americans treasure the right to vote, they often are surprised by a shocking fact: the Constitution does not affirm the right to vote. As a result, there are virtually no federal election administration standards, and there is mass disenfranchisement at each election. Yet the history of voting rights in America since 1787 is one of general, if irregular, progress toward universal franchise. The Municipal Right to Vote Initiative seeks substantive reform at the local level while detailing a plan to take America's voting rights to their logical conclusion: an affirmative, federally protected right to vote.
- Posted: April 5, 2006
- Author(s): Ryan Griffin, Research Fellow
- Categories: Middle East and Africa, Research & Analysis, International Elections, FairVote, All Reports
Israel held elections to its parliament, the Knesset, on March 28, 2006. Frequently held up as an example of why not to adopt proportional voting, Israel's election system, critics argue, tends to produce unstable, unworkable governing coalitions. But this tendency has less to do with proportional voting than the form Israel has chosen to use, in tandem with its wider political environment. This report focuses on the effects of Israel's low electoral threshold and closed party list system.