Instant Runoff Voting/Ranked Choice Voting
Upholding the principle of majority rule and accommodating genuine voter choice are marks of a well-functioning democracy. That's why we encourage understanding, adoption and effective implementation of ranked choice voting.
When electing one candidate, ranked choice voting is commonly called instant runoff voting (IRV). IRV is used in a growing number of elections in the United States and around the world.
When electing more than one candidate, ranked choice voting (or "choice voting") is an American, candidate-based form of proportional representation that allows like-minded voters to elect candidates in proportion to their share of the vote.
Other names for these voting methods include preferential voting and the single transferable vote.
The "Top Two" system has gained attention as a means of addressing political issues through election reform. Unfortunately, Top Two severely limits voter choice, and evidence suggests that it does not accomplish its stated goals well. For states using or considering Top Two, FairVote recommends a ranked choice alternative: Top Four. Simply advance four candidates instead of two, and conduct the general election by ranked choice voting!
Choice voting is a proportional voting system where voters maximize the effectiveness of their vote by ranking candidates in multi-seat constituencies, and is FairVote's preferred system for use in the United States.
Featured Blog Posts
November 29, 2013
If you followed the local elections and the special elections that took place in 2013, you probably heard some stories about ranked choice voting - and there's a good chance they were positive.
November 22, 2013
Voters in Cambridge, Massachusetts elected a new city government earlier this month, using ranked choice voting in multi-member districts as they have in every municipal election since 1941. This year's contest provides another illustration of the advantages of this system, including fair representation of minorities, reduced negative campaigning, and greater voter satisfaction.