Fair Representation Act Report

FRA_Report_Cover.pngThe Fair Representation Act report outlines a bold plan to increase competition and fairness in U.S. House elections and reduce polarization of Members elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. The report simulates the projected impact of HR 3057 - The Fair Representation Act, by analyzing a series of hypothetical district maps generated automatically by software using parameters meant to approximate the Act's district-drawing rules. Co-author Rob Richie presented a draft of this report at the Electoral Integrity Project short course at the national convention of the American Political Science Association (APSA) in San Francisco in August, 2017.

The Fair Representation Act, HR 3057, would transform House elections through three primary reforms: 1) ranked choice voting, 2) multi-winner districts, and 2) independent redistricting commissions. We show that a U.S. House elected under the Fair Representation Act would look very different:

Click on a topic to begin.

The Fair Representation Act Report can be downloaded here

Our interactive spreadsheet is available here


Compare competition levels, likely partisan outcomes, and minority representation under five different district plans:

  • Fair Representation Act multi-winner districts (Fairvote.org)
  • Autoredistrict's single-winner districts, created according to an algorithm following strict criteria (Autoredistrict.org)
  • BDistricting's single-winner districts, created to optimize compactness and equal population (Bdistricting.org) 
  • The actual single-winner districts drawn after the 2010 Census (CY 2010 Actual)
  • The actual single-winner districts drawn after the 2000 Census (CY 2000 Actual)


Click here to see the projections.

Since 1997, FairVote has projected results in congressional elections relying principally on a simple partisanship metric with remarkable accuracy. This year, we applied that same methodology to making projections for a hypothetical Congress elected under our simulation of the Fair Representation Act.

With this online spreadsheet, you can adjust the "national two party preference" to see how each party would perform in every one of the districts under various hypothetical scenarios. The result is a map that closely tracks a proportional outcome.

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